Water Pollution: Causes, Health Effects …

Water Pollution

Water is an essential resource for all individuals on the planet. The absence of clean water is usually a disaster by itself. People can die from the lack of safe drinking water. A big number die annually, especially in under-developed countries, because there was insufficient rainfall or even in instances where sewer lines from the urban have contaminated the water used at homes.

Water pollution is the contamination of water by substances that may lead to health or environmental problems. Both people and animals consuming this water may have health problems. Depending on the type of pollutants in the water, the sources of water may be cleaned up, thus removing the substances that are harmful. This can be done by the use of water filtration and purification systems.

Water pollution is by far the most dangerous eruption that snatches the good health of people. Good understanding of water pollution is, therefore, necessary to every person. In this article, you will find a little extra information that you require in your understanding of water pollution.

Water pollution

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What are the leading causes of water pollution?

Water pollution cases have been increasing due to the modernization of the current society. There are many causes of water pollution to water in the large water bodies and reservoir tanks.

Urbanization is one major player that has contributed a great deal when it comes to water pollution. Construction of houses, industries, roads and other physical structures also tends to lead to water pollution either directly or indirectly. Manufacturers release chemical substances to rivers, and mining filtrates may result in inadequate health care.

In the modernized world, farmers use more fertilizers to grow to increase the nutrient contents. Water pollution is a threat to health all over the planet, and its outcomes are dangerous.

Some other causes of water pollution are sewage disposals, chemical waste, and thermal pollution. Waste is usually the most common type of water pollution.

The effects of water pollution on human health?

Polluted water causes diseases and other ill conditions to your health and surrounding environment including the vegetation, people and the animals who depend on the water. The effects of the polluted water are at times as bad as the end of life in the living organisms.

Dirty water causes diseases where some of which are very dangerous to live. In the case of cholera, a situation where the population is concentrated in a region there can be an outbreak. This leads to severe illnesses and deaths. The health of human beings is highly dependent on the water they consume. To keep better health, measures to reduce water contamination should be illustrated.

Some of the water-borne diseases that are caused by pathogenic water include;


Cholera is usually resulting from microscopic organisms called Vibrio Chloride. They are found in contaminated water and once consumed, they affect the body’s healthy state and cause Cholera. Manifestations of cholera in the body include vomiting and diarrhea. Cholera is also known to cause stomach issues and cramps. If this infection is not taken care of or treated it, it leads to dehydration and eventually death.


The disease is also known as flux, bloody flux, Montezuma Revenge and Traveller’s Dysentery. It can be caused by Entamoeba Histolytica which is a parasitic bacteria, or some other bacteria.This disease causes fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, and severe diarrhea which contains stains of blood and mucus. You may likewise have side effect diseases like mellow stomach torment.

Typhoid Fever

This disease is caused by bacteria called Salmonella Typhi. It is a life-threatening illness that should be avoided at all cost. It manifests itself with a very high and sustained fever of around 103 degrees Celsius. Its other symptoms include stomach pains, feeling weak and loss of appetite.

How to stop water pollution?

Tossing dirty water in the sink. This water may contain any form of litter may it be oils or paints. Being watchful will reduce the water contamination rate in the environment.

In homes, it’s encouraged to use environmentally etiological items; these are for example detergents, toiletry, and household cleaning agents that are organic. Proper disposal of these elements should also be adhered to reduce water contamination.

People living near water masses are discouraged to litter in the water bodies. Avoiding dumping waste into water masses and cleaning up their shorelines ensures that water is protected from one human activity type of water pollution. After the litter is collected, it should be properly disposed of in dustbins.

You should also take precautions not to abuse pesticides and composts, especially during agricultural activities. This prevents spillovers of the material into the close-by water sources.

In the industries, there is a measure to control water pollution by the waste material they may produce. Waste treatment plants are installed with the aim of treating and cleaning the chemical materials that are harmful when released into the water. This also applies to the sewerage management in the residential areas.


Water is a primary determinant factor of life on Earth and exists as one of the principal requirements of any living organism in the ecosystem. Keeping water clean means that the dangers of water pollution will have been done away with, and the risk of water infection will have no chance with their adverse effects on the ecosystem, more so to human beings.

The health of an individual depends on the food and water consumed together with the condition of the surrounding environment. Water pollution not only affects the health of humans but also of all animals.

Aquatic animals often die due to sea water poisoning and oil spills. It also affects the humans indirectly especially in some parts of the world where people depend on food from the sea.  If the fish die due to the water pollution, then the food supply for human and other aquatic creatures that rely on fish for food is affected.

Water is life, preserve it, conserve it and use it carefully to avoid pollution and you will help enhance health.